Breaking News
banner 728x250

BENNY WENDA: Komnas HAM Does Not Have Capacity,Dialogue Has Happened In MSG And Pif

Avatar photo
banner 120x600
banner 468x60

INGGRIS,THETPN-PBNEWS.COM – Chairman of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), Benny Wenda emphasized that the Indonesian National Human Rights Commission does not have the capacity to organize or mediate a peaceful dialogue between the Papuan people and the Indonesian government. Komnas HAM, according to Wenda, is an institution that is part of the Indonesian state.

Komnas HAM RI targets a peaceful dialogue between the government and indigenous Papuans, including with the ULMWP and the Free Papua Organization (OPM) to be held this year.

“Hopefully this year, the government, OPM, community leaders, church leaders, traditional leaders can start to sit down,” said Komnas HAM chairman Ahmad Taufan Damanik.

However, Taufan said that the peaceful dialogue in Papua will be a little different from what has been done in Aceh. The peaceful dialogue in Papua is planned to be mediated directly by Komnas HAM. This is different from the dialogue between the Government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) which was mediated by an NGO from Finland, namely the Crisis Management Initiative.

Taufan claims it was chosen because there are still many Papuans who believe in domestic institutions. So, they are willing to be mediated by Komnas HAM.

Benny Wenda gave a different response to Taufan’s claim.

“It is impossible for dialogue to be mediated by one of the dialogue parties,” said Wenda.

In addition, Wenda said that so far what Komnas HAM has done in cases of alleged human rights violations in Papua has never been completed or followed up by the Indonesian government. This fact shows the absence of trust from the Indonesian government itself in the state human rights institution that it established itself.

“This fact also makes the Papuan people distrust the Komnas HAM as well,” said Wenda.

Wenda reminded that in 2019, President Jokowi had also said he was willing to have a dialogue with groups fighting for Papuan independence, but until now, this statement has never been proven.

*Dialogue already occurs in MSG and PIF*

According to Wenda, the Papuan people have been in dialogue with the Indonesian government for the past six years, mediated by the Melanesian Spearhead Groups (MSG) and the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF). In every MSG forum, ULMWP which has the same position as Indonesia as an Associated Member gets the opportunity to convey the will of the Papuan people as well as human rights issues in Papua. Likewise, the Indonesian government has the opportunity to respond.

“Why is Indonesia included as an Associated Member at MSG? That’s because MSG leaders expect Indonesia to bring a solution to the problems that occur in Papua,” said Wenda.

But so far, there has been no common ground to continue the process of resolving the Papua issue. Because, said Wenda, ULMWP brings issues of alleged human rights violations while Indonesia brings issues of development and Special Autonomy.

“This shows that Indonesia does not have good intentions to solve the problem. They even underestimate the problems that occur, “said Wenda.

The Papuan people, continued Wenda, actually already know that the dialogue proposed by Komnas HAM is only a diversion from the pressures of the international community on Indonesia to seek a resolution to the Papuan problem.

“The pressure that is happening is not pressure from non-governmental organizations or the initiative of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. This is state pressure. Indonesia knows that, the Papuan people also know that. The issue of this dialogue is just a distraction from the people’s attention,” explained Wenda.

MSG leaders on the occasion of the MSG Forum emphasized that the MSG recognizes Indonesia’s sovereignty and can provide a platform or forum for dialogue between the Papuan people and the Government of Indonesia. A statement delivered by MSG in the forum “Ending Colonialism” organized by the United Nations, said that MSG has taken the initiative to create and institutionalize this dialogue, maintain and develop it in the medium to long term to address the concerns of Indonesia and the ULMWP. MSG’s efforts to assist members will be assessed in due course and adjustments will be made to further enhance mentoring and constructive engagement with MSG members.

Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), Dame Meg Taylor, admitted that the Papua issue had been on PIF’s agenda since 2000 and through engagement with Pacific civil society, became PIF’s permanent agenda in 2015.

In 2021, PIF calls on the UN Human Rights Council to encourage all relevant parties to immediately facilitate a mission to West Papua by the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

“Without broad access from independent media, civil society or human rights groups in Papua, it is difficult to verify individual claims. However, reports of alleged human rights violations cannot be underestimated. I remain deeply troubled by the conflict and human rights violations in West Papua,” said Dame Meg Taylor.

*dialogue terms*

To carry out the dialogue process, Wenda said that he had put forward conditions in 2019. Only if these conditions were met could a peaceful dialogue between the Government of Indonesia and the Papuan people take place. Those conditions are:

1. Papuans who have long been determined to demand a referendum, are included in the meeting;
2. The meeting is conducted through third party mediation (eg organized by the United Nations or an agreed third party country);
3. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights is permitted to visit West Papua in accordance with an agreement made by 18 Pacific nations at the 50th Pacific Islands Forum in August 2019;
4. The 16 thousand Indonesian military and police personnel who had been deployed since August 2019 were immediately withdrawn;
5. All West Papuan political prisoners released;
6. All restrictions on entry to West Papua for international media and NGOs are lifted.

Wenda emphasized that Indonesia should allow the United Nations to visit Papua and see the real facts. Are the Papuan people’s reports true or the Indonesian government’s reports? After the facts and evidence for each claim are obtained, then we can continue with a dialogue to resolve the Papua issue.

“We will solve it with a cold heart after getting evidence for the claims of each party,” said Wenda.

Wenda continued, the problems faced now occur because of the involvement of international parties. So the solution must also involve mechanisms and the international community*.

(Vullmembers Alampa)

banner 325x300

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *